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對口生學考試語文、英語試題卷
發布時間:2012-07-13 15:55:06 瀏覽次數:

河南省2012年普通高等學校對口招收中等職業學校畢業生考試
語文、英語試題卷

考生注意:所有答案都要寫在答題卡上,寫在試題卷上無效

一、選擇題(語文1-10;英語11-60,其中詞匯判斷11-20;選擇填空21-30;補充對話31-40;閱讀理解41-50;完型填空51-60。每小題中隻有一個選項是正確的,請將正確選項塗在答題卡上)
語文1-10(每小題2分,共20分)
1.下列詞語中加點字的注音全部正確的一組是
A.膾炙人口(kuài)  言簡意賅(gāi)  流水淙淙(zōng)
B.怙惡不悛(gǔ)  諄諄教誨(zhūn) 喟然長歎(kuì)
C.孝悌忠信(tì)  得魚忘筌(quán) 方興未艾(ài)
D.飛揚跋扈(hù)  沸反盈天(fú)  分道揚鑣(biāo)
2.下列詞語中,有錯別字的一組是
A.留戀  厲害 利害得失 B.質疑  符合 隨聲附合
C.變換  旁證 旁征博引 D.株連  大意 微言大義
3.依次填入下列各句橫線處的詞語,最恰當的一組是
英國《衛報》的一篇評論曾這樣寫道:“19世紀,英國教會世界如何    ;20 世紀,美國教會世界如何    ;如果中國要    21世紀,它必須教會世界如何可持續發展。”這可能就是中國要在未來肩負起的責任。
A.出產  浪費  引領    B.生產  消費  引領
C.生產  浪費  領導    D.出產  消費  領導
4.下列各句中,沒有語病的一項是
A.南昌八一起義紀念館裏陳列著周恩來當年使用過的好多種東西。  
B.博物館展出了宋朝時期新出土的古船。
C.這個村很好地執行了黨的富民政策,近兩年不但實行了種植結構改革,
而且還沒有拋荒一分一畝的土地。
D.居裏夫人艱辛地在簡陋的工作室裏經過漫長的研究,後來在那裏發現了鐳。
5.下列作家、作品、體裁對應正確的一項是
A.曹禺――《林黛玉進賈府》――小說
B.老舍――《胡同文化》――小品文
C.孫犁――《荷花澱》――小說
D.沈從文――《邊城》――散文
6.下列古詩詞默寫錯誤的一項是
A.多情自古傷離別,更那堪冷落清秋節。
B.少壯不努力,老大徒傷悲。
C.昔我往兮,楊柳依依。今我來思,雨雪飛飛。
D.同是天涯淪落人,相逢何必曾相識!
7.下列對文學知識的解說,正確的一項是
A.《詩經》是我國第一部詩歌總集,共收錄詩歌305首。內容上分為風、雅、頌、賦、比、興,其中風、雅、頌是《詩經》的精華部分。
B.李白是我國文學史上第一位偉大的浪漫主義詩人,有“詩聖”之稱。《將進酒》是其飲酒詩的代表作。
C.蘇軾,號東坡居士,四川人。他是唐代古文運動的領導者,位居“唐宋八大家”之首。他在詩、詞、文方麵都取得了輝煌的成就,有《東坡全集》、《東坡樂府》。   
D.朱自清,現代著名散文家。其散文以清雋、沉鬱、語言洗練、文筆清麗著稱。代表作《荷塘月色》、《背影》等。
8.下列各句與修辭手法對應錯誤的一項是
A.小屋點綴了山,什麽來點綴小屋呢?那是樹!――設問
B.北京城像一塊大豆腐,四方四正。――比喻
C.珍珠是貝痛苦的結晶,是海的淚。――比擬
D.太陽從地平線上露出笑臉,用她那柔美的金色手指,悄悄地撿走了草地上的珠璣。――借代
9.下列各句標點符號使用正確的一項是
A.曾有畫油畫的人說:江南不宜畫油畫。大概就是因為江南雨多,或者他那油畫技法隻宜對付洋式的對象。
B.你現在沒有資格跟我說話――礦上已經把你開除了?
C.與其在街上瞎逛,我想,不如就去看看那棵樹吧?
D.荔枝原產於我國――是我國的特產,海南島和廉江有野生的荔枝林,可為我國是原產地的明證。
10.下列各句中“以”是介詞的一項是
A.夫夷以近,則遊者眾   
B.餘與四人擁火以入
C.秦貪,負其強,以空言求璧
D.以其求思之深而無不在也

    詞匯判斷11-20(每小題1分,共10分)
11.展示,顯示
A.show         B.shoe      C.shop       D.shout
12.節省
A.safe    B.save   C.said       D.sad
13.團圓,重聚
A.reunion  B.retire  C.reuse          D.return
14.收據,發票
A.receive  B.return  C.receipt      D.reject
15.音樂
A.music  B.TV   C.film          D.movie
16.成員
A.family  B.message  C.mission   D.member
17.臥室,寢室
A.bathroom  B.bedroom  C.classroom      D.restroom
18.部,係
A.department B.station  C.government  D.supermarket
19.敬佩,尊重
  A.research  B.realize  C.recite   D.respect
20.航班
A.flight  B.light   C.fight    D.fighting
選擇填空21-30(每小題2分,共20分)
21.Our teacher told us that the earth _____ from west to east.
A.turn       B.turns  
C.has turn               D.had turned
22.There are lots of _____ there, but hardly any _____.
A.sheeps; people                B.sheeps;peoples  
C.sheep; peoples          D.sheep; people
23.Oh. John, _____ you gave me !
A.How a pleasant surprise     B.How pleasant a surprise   C.What a pleasant surprise  D.What pleasant surprise
24.Lucy _____ early in the morning.
A.is used to getting up      B.is used to get up          C.used to getting up       D.used to get
25.E-mail, as well as telephoness, _____ an important part in daily communication.
A. is playing                B.have played  
C. are playing              D.play
26.We _____ play games in class.
A.are allowed                  B.are not allowing  
C.are not allowed to         D.was not allowed to
27.--- I feel       before the interview.
--- Take it easy. Sure you are the best.
A.patient  B.serious  C.nervous  D.cool
28.When did you _____ the army?
A.take part in B.joined  C.join   D.gather
29._____ he is only six years old, _____ he can speak fluent French.
A.Though; but       B.Since; /  
C.Because; and           D.Though; /
30.I think I can meet you _____.
A.sometimes B.some days C.some times   D.someday
    補充對話31-40(每小題2分,共20分)
31.-----I wonder if I could use your car for tonight.
    ----- __________.
A.Sure, go ahead    B.I don’t know  
C.Yes, in deed           D.I don’t care
32.----- Have you finished your first paper?
    ----- __________. Just half of it . How about you?
A.Not at all               B.Not likely  
C.Not a bit            D.Not yet
33.----- How are things going with you?
    ----- __________.
A.Quite well, thank you    B.Don’t ask me the problem  C.Thank you, and you   D.Pleased to tell you
34.----- Could you help me prepare the food?
    ----- __________.
A.No problem         B.No, I’m very busy now  
C.No, I couldn’t             D.Yes, thank you

35.----- I think English is more difficult than Chinese.
    ----- __________.
A.I really can’t agree with you  B.Don’t say it like this  C.That’s a good idea      D.That’s all right
36.----- Shall we go to play football?
    -----           .
A. No,I don’t like it at all  B.Thank you just the same  
C. Yes, that’s true         D.Thank you for the message
37.----- What’s your father?
    -----           .
A.Fifty years old         B.He is a teacher 
C.He is in here         D.He loves our family
38.----- Whose pencil is it on the desk?
    -----           .
A.Mine             B.It is him   
C.Nobody                D.It’s everybody
39. ----- What’s for breakfast today?
   -----           .
 A.It’s a cup of milk    B.You are very kind    
 C.Bread, milk and hamburgers D.Not at all
40. ----- Let me help you with maths?
   -----           .
 A.Yes, I can      B.It’s very kind of you to do so for me
 C.Good idea     D.I’d like it
  閱讀理解41-50(每小題2分,共20分)

Passage 1
Happiness is important for everyone. Most people want to be happy but few know how to find happiness. Money and success don’t bring lasting happiness. Happiness depends on ourselves. In other words, we make our own happiness.
Some people believe that if they are wealthy, they will be able to do anything they want, which means happiness. On the other hand, some people believe that holding a high position in the government is happiness. In this way, you have not only money, but also many other things which can’t be bought by money. However, other people believe that having lots of money is not happiness, nor is holding a high position in the government. These people value their beliefs, or their intelligence, or their health. They think these can make them happy.
Here are a few ways to help you be happier :
The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future, for example, getting into college or getting a good job, that we don’t enjoy the present. You should enjoy life’s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have close friends usually enjoy happier and healthier lives.
The second secret of happiness is to be active. Many people go dancing or play sports. People can forget about their problems and only think about the activities.
Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. According to studies, people feel good when they volunteer their time to do many meaningful things for other people. If you want to feel happier, do something nice for someone. You can help a friend with his or her studies, go shopping to get food for an old neighbor, or simply help around the house.
Now maybe you know how to find happiness!
    41.The underlined word “wealthy” means “__________” in the article.
    A.pleased  B.healthy  C.excited  D.rich
    42.Some people who hold a high position in the government think they can _________.
A.get money and something they can’t buy with money  
B.do what they want to do at any time   
C.enjoy health which makes them work hard   
D.take an active part in all kinds of activities every day
43.The writer thinks the secret of happiness is that people ___________.
A.think about getting a good job    
B.think of presents they don’t like   
C.often spend time with close friends   
D.often spend time on entering the college
44.Many people find it happy to ___________.
A.remember the old days and troubles  
B.do some meaningful things for others   
C.go shopping to buy some food   
D.make much money and little success
45.The passage mainly tells us __________.
A.how to find happiness   B.how to save happiness   
C.to do something good for others D.to value our beliefs or health
Passage 2
Perhaps you have heard a lot about the Internet, but what is it, do you know? The Internet is a network. It uses the telephones to join millions of computers together, around the world.
Maybe that doesn’t sound very interesting. But when you surf on the Internet, there are lots of things you can do :You can send E-mails to your friends, and they can get them in a few seconds. You can also do with all kinds of information on the World Wide Web (WWW).
There are many different kinds of computers now. They all can be joined to the Internet. Most of them are small machines sitting on people’s desk at home, but there are still many others at schools, offices or large companies. These computers are owned by people and companies, but no one really owns the Internet itself.
There are lots of places for you to go into the Internet. For example, your school may have the Internet. You can use it during lessons or free time. Libraries often have computers joined to the Internet. You are welcome to use at any time.
Thanks to the Internet, the world is becoming smaller and smaller. It is possible for you to work at home with a computer in front, getting and sending the information you need. You can buy or sell whatever you want by the Internet. But do you know 98% of the information of the Internet is in English? So what will English be like tomorrow?
46.What is the passage mainly about?
A.E-mail      B.Internet  
C.Information     D.Computer
47.Which is the quickest and cheapest way to send messages to your friends?
A.By telephones     B.By post   
C.By E-mail     D.By satellites
48.Which may be the most possible place for people to work in tomorrow?
A.In the company     B.At home    
C.At school            D.In the office
49.Who’s the owner of the Internet?
A.The user      B.The officer 
C.The headmaster    D.No one


50.What does the writer try to tell us with the last two sentences of the passage?
A.Every computer user must have a computer.   
B.English is important in using the Internet.   
C.The Internet is more and more popular.  
D.Most of the information is in English.
完型填空51-60(每小題1分,共10分)
“Thank you”is widely used in a modern society.It is   51   very good manner.You should say“Thank you”   52   others help you or say something kind to you.For example,when someone passes the salt on the table   53   you,when someone   54   ahead of you opens the door for you,when someone says you have done your work well,when someone says you have bought a   55   thing,or your city is very beautiful.you should say“Thank you”.“Thank you”is used not only between friends,but also between parents and children, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives.
“Excuse me”is   56   short polite way.We use it the same as“Thank you”.When you hear someone say so behind you, you’ve got to know that somebody
  57   to walk past you without touching you.If you want to have   58   with one of them,please say“Excuse me”first,and then begin to talk.You should   59   do so when you want to cough or make any unpleasant noise   60   others.Let’s say “Thank you”and“Excuse me”on the right occasion.
51.A.the       B./   C.an   D.a
52.A.however  B.whatever  C.whenever  D.wherever
53.A.from   B.on        C.into       D.to
54.A.walks     B.passes     C.walking   D.passing
55.A.plastic    B.nice      C.gray     D.bored
56.A.the other   B.another     C.other    D.others
57.A.wanted    B.will want   C.wants    D.wanting
58.A.a dinner   B.a word     C.a play     D.a sign
59.A.also       B.as well    C.either     D.too
60.A.after      B.before     C.behind    D.below


語文(80分)

二、文言文閱讀(18分)
閱讀下麵的文字,完成61―63題
於是舍人相與諫曰:“臣所以去親戚而事君者,徒慕君之高義也。今君與廉頗同列,廉君宣惡言,而君畏匿之,恐懼殊甚。且庸人尚羞之,況於將相乎!臣等不肖,請辭去。”藺相如固止之,曰:“公之視廉將軍孰與秦王?”曰:“不若也。”相如曰:“夫以秦王之威,而相如廷叱之,辱其群臣。相如雖駑,獨畏廉將軍哉?顧吾念之,強秦之所以不敢加兵於趙者,徒以吾兩人在也。今兩虎共鬥,其勢不俱生。吾所以為此者,以先國家之急而後私仇也。”
61.解釋文中加點的詞語。(每空1分,共5分)
    相與:                甚:                 羞之:                
駑:                  顧:                
62.把文中劃線的句子翻譯成現代漢語。(每句3分,共9分)
    臣所以去親戚而事君者,徒慕君之高義也。                            
    臣等不肖,請辭去。                                                  
    今兩虎共鬥,其勢不俱生。                                          
63.本文段選自《史記》中的《                  》,作者是              。
《史記》是我國第一部              ,共有     篇。(每空1分,共4分)
三、現代文閱讀(22分)
閱讀下麵的文字,完成64―69題
她也是一個美麗動人的姑娘,好像由於命運的差錯,生在一個小職員的家裏。她沒有陪嫁的資產,也沒有什麽法子讓一個有錢的體麵人認識她,了解她,愛她,娶她,最後隻得跟教育部的一個小書記結了婚。
她不能夠講究打扮,隻好穿得樸樸素素,但是她覺得很不幸,好像這降低了她的身份似的。因為在婦女,美麗、豐韻、嬌媚,就是她們的出身;天生的聰明、優美的資質、溫柔的性情,就是她們唯一的資格。
她覺得她生來就是為著過高雅和奢華的生活,因此她不斷地感到痛苦。住宅的寒傖、牆壁的黯淡、家具的破舊、衣料的粗陋,都使她苦惱。這些東西,在別的跟她一樣地位的婦人也許不會掛在心上,然而她卻因此痛苦,因此傷心。她看著那個替她做瑣碎家事的勃雷大涅省的小女仆,心裏就引起悲哀的感慨和狂亂的夢想。她夢想那些幽靜的廳堂,那裏裝飾著東方的帷幕,點著高腳的青銅燈,還有兩個穿短褲的仆人,躺在寬大的椅子裏,被暖爐的熱氣烘得打盹兒;她夢想那些寬敞的客廳,那裏張掛著古式的壁衣,陳設著精巧的木器、珍奇的古玩;她夢想那些華美的香氣撲鼻的小客室,在那裏,下午五點鍾的時候,她跟最親密的男朋友閑談,或者跟那些一般女人所最仰慕最樂於結識的男子閑談。
64.結合上麵的文字,解釋文中加點詞語的含義。(每空2分,共6分)
    資格:                寒傖:                壁衣:            
65.怎樣理解文中劃線句子的意義?(4分)
66.以上三段文字在小說中起了什麽作用?(4分)
67.以上三段文字所用的主要修辭手法是什麽?(2分)
68.第(3)段刻畫人物的方法主要是什麽?(2分)
69.上麵文字出自著名小說《                》,作者是19世紀       國批判現實
     主義小說家             。他被譽為“              ”。(每空1分,共4分)

四、作文(40分)
  70.閱讀下麵的材料,按要求作文。
  一個酷愛大自然的人,每年十月都要去看野鴨南飛。後來,他大發慈悲,帶著飼料到池塘邊去喂野鴨。幾年下來,有些野鴨不僅不再南飛過冬,而且變得又胖又懶,連飛也飛不起來了。人們可以很容易地馴服野鴨,但要把馴服的鴨子再變成野鴨就很困難了。
要求:請根據以上材料,以“依賴與自強”為話題寫一篇不少於600字的文章,題目自擬,立意自定,文體自選。
題目:                              

英語(20分)

五、漢譯英(每小題4分,共20分)
71.對我們來說學習英語是很重要的。
72.他總是盡力使周圍的人快樂。
73.據說三分之二的學生喜歡網上聊天。
74.我們的生活充滿了機遇和挑戰。
75.我想要的不是錢,而是幸福。

 

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